SERVICE - Tour of Duty


​Tour of Duty (TOD) is an internet site where reserve component Soldiers (USAR, IRR, ARNG, IMA) can find and volunteer for active duty tours. Any command that has positions or missions that could be filled by a RC Soldier can post those jobs on Tour of Duty. TOD allows commands to build and validate their positions so the vacancies can be searched by Soldiers seeking active duty. The positions in TOD must be validated by the command that owns the position or mission before they can be listed. Soldiers can find positions that match their grade and skills and then request the hiring command consider them for the job. If the Soldier does not see a current position they want to volunteer for, they can still post their interest in serving on active duty – the hiring commands will be able to see their name, grade and MOS in a pool of potential volunteers for future openings. The hiring command will review the list of Soldiers interested in their positions and select the best qualified Soldier. Once selected, the Soldier must either accept or decline the position. If they accept, TOD transfers the active duty application (packet) to another internet site, called DAMPS-A, where the Soldier electronically signs their voluntary request for active duty. Once submitted by the Soldier, the DAMPS-A packet is sent electronically to the Soldier’s chain of command for review and release. If the Soldier is released, the packet is forwarded electronically to the HQDA approval system – DAMPS – for final review and approval. Approved packets are transferred to the command that issues the orders for the tour. The process usually takes 30-60 days to complete. To learn more, visit the TOD web site at and select “Tour of Duty”.

If you are planning to volunteer for a Tour of Duty be advised of the requirements listed below per Department of the Army Personnel Policy Guidance (1 Jul 09): 

(a) The Soldier meets height and weight, or body fat standards.

(b) The Soldier has passed an APFT within the previous 6 months.

(c) The Soldier has had an HIV test within the last two years.

(d) The Soldier is not administratively flagged.

(e) The Soldier’s security clearance is valid for position of assignment.

(f) The Soldier will not attain 18 years AFS during the requested period or that a memorandum, signed by an O-7, equivalent SES or higher, is submitted per the provisions of paragraph 7 of the ASA(M&RA)’s memorandum.

(g) The Soldier will not attain 1,095 days of cumulative AFS under the provisions of Title 10 USC 12301(d) within the 1,460 day window during the requested period or that a memorandum, signed by an O-7, equivalent SES or higher, is submitted per the provisions of paragraph 9 of the ASA(M&RA)’s memorandum within 120 days of the tour start date. Soldiers will not be placed on orders UP Title 10 USC 12302 for the sole purpose of avoiding a request for duty that would cause the Soldier to be counted in the AD or AGR end strength. Approval of exceptions to policy will be based on the needs of the Army and specialized skill sets or experience.

(h) The Soldier will not go over age 60 during the requested period unless granted an approval to serve beyond age 60.

(i) The Soldier has completed a Periodic Health Assessment in the past 12 months and does not possess a 3 or 4 PULHES unless permitted by an MMRB to serve within the limits of their profile.

(j) The Commander has released the Soldier for the tour (TAG for ARNG, First General Officer in the chain of command for USAR Soldiers, IMA Agency Commander for USAR IMA Soldiers) IAW DAPE-MPE Memorandum, Army Reserve and National Guard Soldier Endorsement for Active Duty, dtd 1 June 2009.

(k) The correct type of duty is requested (OP-ADOS, CO-ADOS, Admin-ADOS).

(l) There is no derogatory information in the Soldier’s OMPF at their current grade (Record of Court-Martial, pending or completed UCMJ actions, General Officer Letter of Reprimand, DA Fm 1059 removing Soldier due to disciplinary or academic failings; relief for cause evaluations or evaluations which indicate a “No” in part IVa values).

(m) The Soldier will not exceed their mandatory retirement date (MRD) or their expiration of term of service (ETS).

(n) The Soldier’s current organization (CURORG) is correct (K, L, I, H, A, R, 9).

(o) The Soldier’s current MOS and grade match the requirement for a requested assignment, or the O-6 request memorandum states the Soldier has the skills or experience to perform the mission. 

Non-Deployable Criteria:

Criteria for non-deployable status for all Soldiers are listed in AR 614-30, Para 3-8; AR 600-8-101; and DA Pam 600-8-101. Specific non-deployable conditions for Soldiers and DA Civilians can be found in the Department of the Army Personnel Policy Guidance, Para 2–7.

A Soldier’s Guide to Voluntary Active Duty
(Voluntary Active Duty – HQDA, G-3/5/7, DAMO-ODM) 

The Army needs trained Reserve Component Soldiers to support a range of missions. Some missions are in direct support to Overseas Contingency Operations, either in Theater or as part of the CONUS (stateside) Support Base. Other missions support Active Component units or Reserve Component units in their “peacetime” operations. This short guide is intended to provide RC Soldiers with an understanding of the basic terms and processes of volunteering for Active Duty.  

Unless specifically noted, the information in this guide applies to US Army Reserve Soldiers (USAR), Army National Guard Soldiers (ARNG) and Regular Army Retirees – collectively referred to as the Selected Reserve. Soldiers in the USAR may be serving in Troop Program Units (TPUs) which are drilling units (performing weekend and annual training) or Individual Mobilization Augmentees (IMAs) – Soldiers assigned to units and who muster annually but do not drill each month. Soldiers assigned to the Individual Ready Reserve (IRR) have been released from Active Duty or their Reserve unit, but have a commitment remaining on their service contract and may be voluntarily or involuntarily recalled to duty. All of these categories of reserve manpower are referred to collectively as the “Reserve Components” (RC).  

Mobilization Versus Voluntary Active Duty. All Reserve Component units and Soldiers are eligible to be ordered to Active Duty under the provisions of US law by the appropriate authorities. Under the current mobilization directives, the Secretary of the Army can mobilize units and individuals under 10 USC (called “Title 10 or Title X”) sections 12302 for INVOLUNTARY (units or individuals) mobilization or under 12301 VOLUNTARY (the Soldier must agree to being recalled) orders to active duty. So if you are ordered to active duty involuntarily (as a unit or individual) you are mobilized. If you volunteer, you will be ordered to Active Duty, but you are not mobilized – the authority for each category determines your status. The conditions (length of tours, protections, etc.) of active duty service are different between Mobilization and Voluntary Active Duty.  

Some of the Types of Active Duty. There are many types of active duty under which a Soldier can be ordered – either voluntarily or involuntarily – to active duty. The categories are applied based on the different purposes of the duty in order to provide the Army with flexibility in the duration and conditions of active duty service. Some purposes of active duty can be for operational support, medical/health recovery, disciplinary or judicial actions, training, or counter narcotics support, etc. The most often used categories are:  

Active Duty for Operational Support (ADOS).

ADOS is an authorized tour of active duty under Title 10, USC, Section 12301(d) and includes the duties previously called ADSW, EAD, TTAD. The Army further differentiates ADOS as ADOS-AC (OPADOS) or ADOS-AC (Admin). These tours support the active Army or other DoD agency by filling an open active billet with a volunteer RC Soldier. OPADOS is for operational support missions only and is limited by funding availability. OPADOS is administered by HQDA, G-3/5/7. ADOS-AC (ADMIN) is for administrative support missions only and is also limited by funding availability. It is administered by HQDA, G-1. Note – Tours are limited to the current funding year so all tours must end on 30 Sep regardless of start date.

Contingency Operations – Active Duty for Operational Support (CO-ADOS).

Soldiers volunteering for duty in support of contingency operations to serve with active or reserve units with a direct connection to the support of overseas contingency operations serve under CO-ADOS tours. The term CO-ADOS replaced the old terms CO-EAD and COTTAD. HQDA, G-3/5/7, Mobilization Division (DAMO-ODM) validates CO-ADOS requirements. Gaining commands must identify by-name volunteers to fill open CO-ADOS requirements.  

Active Duty for Operational Support – Reserve Component (ADOS-RC).

Voluntary, RC funded duty (replaces the term ADSW). Each Reserve Component is authorized to order volunteers to Active Duty to support Reserve Component missions and requirements, and is funded and approved by the Reserve Component headquarters. ADOS-RC tours are managed by each Reserve Component and therefore not processed in DAMPS-A.  

Medical Retention Processing (MRP). RC Soldiers on active duty for contingency operations in support of Overseas Contingency Operation (OCO) found by military medical authority to have a OCO-connected, unresolved in-the-line-of-duty (LD) medical condition may be eligible for Medical Retention Processing (MRP) under provisions of 10 USC 12301(h). Details on this WTU program may be found at the WTU Consolidated Guidance (Administrative) link on the HQDA G-1 homepage at MRP tours are managed by Human Resource Command (HRC) and therefore not processed in DAMPS-A.  

Active Duty for Training (ADT)

this tour is a category of AD that is used to provide structured individual and/or unit training, including on-the-job-training, or educational courses to RC members. Included in the ADT category are annual training (AT), initial ADT (IADT), and other training duty (OTD). The primary purpose of ADT is to provide individual and/or unit readiness training. ADT tours are managed by each Reserve Component and therefore not processed in DAMPS-A.  

Understanding the terms and types of Active Duty should help you determine what kind of Active Duty you can volunteer for. Tour of Duty is the Army system to find open active duty opportunities. DAMPS-A is the Army voluntary active duty request processing system. See the TOD or DAMPS-A site for more information at or contact your unit mobilization team for assistance in volunteering for active duty.

Service Pages

Points of Contact

G-3 Operations, Training and Mobilization
Army:Army Offices:G-3 Operations, Training and Mobilization